Lighting is essential to the commercial success in the hospitality industry. The guests' full satisfaction with the environment is what determines the business’s success. Hotels are classic service establishments. They call for a lighting atmosphere designed exclusively to meet guests' needs. Effective, properly designed lighting will make their stay enjoyable and productive, encourage them to return, and provide positive testimonials, which are excellent marketing and advertising. Hospitality lighting is geared to create an appealing, comfortable and functional environment. Aside from the guest benefits, high-quality lighting also helps employees work a lot more efficiently and effectively and perform their tasks safely.
There are many sorts of accommodation in the hotel industry, and their lighting requirements vary, with specific requirements for different sectors. A typical hotel lighting project will incorporate the light design for these space: 1) entrances and lobbies; 2) guest accommodations, corridors and bathrooms; 3) function, conference room, seminar (including ballrooms); 4) restaurants, lounges, bars, and dining spaces; 5) exterior architectural, landscape, parking and security lighting. Most premium hotels have a pool and gymnasium equipped with fitness and strength equipment with in-built TV systems, and many hotels now include a partially or fully featured spa inside the premises.
There are four basic types of lighting: general lighting, also referred to as ambient, accent lighting, task lighting, and decorative lighting. By layering these light types, depth and dimension is offered with the space. General lighting enables the guests and staff circulate throughout the space. There are various approaches to design general lighting. Where ceiling space permits, recessed luminaires are frequently used for the reason that they are generally less conspicuous, more affordable and less susceptible to vandalism than surface luminaires. Diffused general lighting helps create a sense of well-being, which makes customers feel at ease. Perimeter lighting, or wall washing, helps define spaces, delivers vertical lighting and makes the space feel larger. Vertical brightness affects the customers' impression of the space by making orientation a lot easier, and helps to delineate spaces, and facilitating in making the space's appearance to be larger, open and more inviting for the consumer. Task lighting is best performing when utilized as a supplement to general lighting in workspaces, conference areas and on counter tops. Accent lighting produces an impressive emphasis on the space by using a focused, or point, light source or sources. Decorative lighting enhances the aesthetics, develops a residential feel, and a human scale to spaces that always have very high ceilings. Decorative lighting serves a dual purpose: not only to play a role in the lighting layers in a hospitality environment, but also to further improve the look of the space as a design element.
Lobbies are intended for guest registration, as congregating spaces, lounges, and as art galleries. The hotel lobby gives the first impression concerning the hotel. An amiable welcome and pleasant lighting, aid in communicative processes. Practical, aesthetic, and emotional aspects of the design all meet here and are every bit as important to the success of the establishment. Lighting here must give attention to detail as much as the overall design; it should complement the architecture, give a safe exterior-to-interior transition, and strengthen brand identity. There are plenty of design choices to illuminate lobbies. Lighting can be direct, indirect, uniform, of high contrast, or a mixture of any or all. Lighting at the front desk, bell captain, and concierge locations should allow guests to effortlessly read documents and maps and handle currency, which may be unfamiliar to foreign travelers. Lighting in the lobbies should be responsive to changes and have diverse settings appropriate to different times of day and night creating unique moods.
Hallways and corridors are extremely important regions of the hotel as they connect the lobby to all other areas of the facility. Walking through the corridors should be an efficient, pleasant, and risk-free experience. The corridors must be always illuminated for safety and clear passage; consequently, it is advisable to use energy efficient lighting. Functional areas demand individual lighting solutions which are tailored to satisfy the relevant visual tasks. The lighting in all workspaces must conform to national specifications. Lighting also needs to provide adequate illumination to read directional signs and room numbers.
Typical guest room tasks can include reading, writing, computer work, dressing, TV viewing, and grooming. When guests get to their room, they must feel a sensation of total privacy, safety, and comfort. This is their home away from home for the extent of their stay. The chief part of the guest room requires a number of lighting sources to allow for a variety of different tasks. Adequate illumination for reading in bed is vital and needs lamps that can be switched from the bed location. Table lamps, floor lamps or pendants provide a more comfortable, homelike atmosphere for the general seating portion of the room. Various nightlights have been recommended and regularly employed for providing low-level illumination of areas sufficient make it possible for a user to walk or move safely about an area. Nightlights are generally used in bathrooms, and especially hotel bathrooms, to illuminate the area, such as a floor, for people unfamiliar with the surroundings. A multifunctional control unit which operates lights and blinds enables guests to individually adjust the lighting, and so the entire room effect, to accommodate their preferences. Guest bathrooms must provide adequate illumination for applying makeup, shaving, safety in the shower and general grooming.
Conference and seminar facilities include ballroom, function and breakout rooms, and dedicated conference auditoriums equipped with theatre-style seating. Ballrooms are typified by their size and versatility in use. Ballrooms are generally configurable from a very large space to multiple smaller spaces. Ballrooms require various lighting effects dependent upon the functions that take place in those spaces. General lighting levels should be uniform enough to allow for meetings, note-taking, audio/visual presentations, dining, recognition of faces, hospitality functions, setup/teardown, and housekeeping. Multifunctional rooms in hotels make substantial demands on lighting. When designing lighting for multifunctional meeting rooms, bear in mind the necessity for general lighting for informal meetings, social functions, hospitality functions, recognition of faces, set-up/tear-down, and housekeeping.
Restaurants and bars within hospitality facilities are multifaceted and energy-intensive. Lighting plays an integral role in creating the mood or atmosphere. based on the type of restaurant and the intended clientele, lighting can change the mood from demure and comforting to vivid and lively. Lighting should by and large be unobtrusive, with the exception of where decorative luminaires or highlighted features are used as an element of the theme decor. Decorative effects in a dining facility, for instance highlighting a picture or sculpture, or washing a full wall, may require specialized lighting.
The hotel facilities design and layout must give consideration to a set of principles on the system of lighting. Generally speaking, the ambient lighting and task lighting enable people to develop tasks by delivering adequate illumination levels. Realization of lighting atmospheres, which could be understood to be elaborated sets of lighting effects, which concur in space and time, calls for harmonious integration of both sorts of effects.